Photo of Squirrel Holding Nut During Daytime

Because of their cute and cuddly nature and their adorable fluffy tails, many will often forget Critter Control when they spot a squirrel that is actually a rodent that can cause extensive property damage while in search of food. While their diet primarily consists of nuts, fruits, seeds, and plant, during the early spring as much of this isn’t yet available this species will eat eggs, eggs, small birds, snakes and even other rodents. Squirrels are naturally clever and will often discover ways to get food that other rodents wouldn’t usually be able to access, such as eating out of bird feeders located high off the ground or digging up seeds, nuts, and bulbs that were located by their excellent little noses. They’re also inquisitive by nature and will easily explore new areas for food or a proper den.

Squirrels over time have learned to cohabitate with humans and within many public parks and universities view us as ample resources of food. These rodents can be trained to be hand fed and often are considered a suitable pet inside the home if raised from a really young age. A few college campuses have even began a game called squirrel fishing; a game in which you attach a peanut into a string and a stick and see how far the squirrel could be lifted off the floor before releasing his snack. Others consider squirrels a viable food source throughout the United States; they are high in cholesterol and possess a strong gamey taste.

Squirrels build nests in which to live, and these may often be seen both high in trees and burrowed within the ground. In squirrel infested regions that border residential homes they will also find attics and basements appropriate living environments; and they will often put to use materials found inside the house to construct their nest. Power outages are also occasionally on account of the curious creature wandering across a grounded power line and brushing against a transformer, and twice this species has been demonstrated to topple the mighty NASDAQ stock exchange.

Keeping squirrels out of your house can often prove difficult for the average homeowner, particularly if there is a large population of them nearby. This species can become very territorial during mating period (or after giving birth) and a silent attic can often become the ideal hideout for these animals. The simplest way to avoid an infestation is to reduce entry in the first place by sealing up any holes or other entryways which would normally go undetected. In northern areas it’s also important not to overlook the chimney; with their excellent climbing ability squirrels can descend right down it. If a specialist is required, they will install small metal cages to trap the animal within and utilize favorite treats such as nuts or peanut butter as incentives.

About pigeons

About pigeons

Gray Bird on Black Fence Near Woman in Black during Day Time

Birds are a source of amusement for us. They fly in the air, have brighten colours that attract them and they produce varieties of sounds that make our environment beautiful. Birds have a number of adaptations that enable them to survive in different types of habitats. They are cosmopolitan and are also beneficial to the human beings in a number of ways. Pigeon is one such bird that’s not only beautiful in its look but is also a sign of peace. Its family is Columbidae. Pigeons and doves are responsible for comprising the family Columbidae with the order Columbiformes. There are about 300 species of passerines are understood. In general speaking the doves and pigeons are used together for describing some of the birds. Columbidae is present throughout the world however, the significant species exist in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones. The young pigeons are called as squabs.

Pigeons possess stout bodies with short necks, having slender bills and fleshy cere. The common species of pigeon generally available in the localities is the feral Rock Pigeon. Pigeons like to make their nests with the support of sticks and other debris which might be set on the trees, ground and on the spaces of buildings based upon the species. Pigeons lay one or two eggs at a time and the parents take part in caring the young ones that leave the nest after 7 to 28 days after their birth. Pigeons feed on seeds, fruits and plants. Like other birds pigeons also produce crop milk that’s secreted from the sloughing of fluid filled cells lining the crop. Both males and females have the ability to produce the harvest milk to nourishing the young ones.


Pigeons differ in body size according to the species. The largest species of pigeons would be the crowned pigeons of New Guinea that are about the size of a turkey weighing approximately 2-4 kilograms. The smallest species are the ground doves of the genus Columbina which are nearly equivalent to the size of the house sparrow and weighing about 22 grams. Taxonomically the smaller species are called as doves and the larger ones are called pigeons and there are no distinguishing features between the two. Pigeons have short bills and short legs. Head is also small with a compact body. Pigeons have big wings with powerful wing muscles comprising about 31-40percent of the total body weight. They are amongst the strongest flying birds. The plumage of the family is also changeable. The species that feed on seeds are called as granivorous species and they have dull plumage while the species feeding on fruits are known as frugivorous and they’re brightly coloured. Pigeons may be sexually monochromatic or dichromatic. Apart from the bright colours pigeons also bear seen patterns in addition to other ornamentations. Pigeons lack gall bladder.

Distribution and Habitat

Pigeons are found all over the world except the Sahara desert, Antarctica, its surrounding islands and the high Arctic. The pigeon colonies can easily be found around the major oceanic islands including Polynesia and Chatham islands in the Pacific, Mauritius, Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. The pigeons have the ability to survive every sort of habitat available on earth. The largest number of species is found in the tropical forests and the woodlands where are adapted to the arboreal, terrestrial and semi-terrestrial habitats. Pigeon species are also available in the temperate forests, savannas, grasslands, deserts, mangrove forests as well as the barren lands. Some species have long natural ranges also. The largest range for any species of pigeon is that of the Rock pigeon. Rock pigeon species is naturally distributed from Britain and Ireland to northern Africa, across Europe, Arabia, Orlando Animal Removal, Central Asia, India, the Himalayas and up into China and Mongolia. Domestication has a great role in the spread of this species. Currently the species is located across major regions of North America, Japan and Australia. Some species have also changed their natural habitats because of the activities of human beings too.


Fruits and seeds are the major food components of pigeons. The family can be divided into the seed eating members or the granivorous species coming under the subfamily Columbinae and those which prefer to feed on the fruits or the frugivorous species forming the other four subfamilies. Granivorous species especially feed on the seeds present on the ground and the frugivorous species feeding on fruits tend to feed on the trees. Both types of species have distinct morphological adaptations that could help in identifying the two. Gizzard walls are thick in the granivorous species while it’s thin in the frugivorous species. Frugivorous species have short intestines while the seed eating species have long intestines. Frugivores are capable of clinging on the branches to reach the fruits. Aside from seeds and fruits species also take other type of materials also as a part of food. Some species especially the quail doves and ground doves also feed on worms and insects. Atoll Fruit dove is specialized for feeding on insects and reptiles as part of its food. Some species such as the Orange dove, White crowned pigeons feed on snails, insects and moths.

The fossil records for the pigeon family is also quite limited and only one can predict that they evolved from parrot like birds on the basis of their feeding habits. The family is categorized into five subfamilies but this demarcation is inappropriate. The DNA sequencing of the members of the pigeon family also show variations among the members and supply the clue about the inappropriate classification of the family.

Economic Importance

Pigeon and doves are consumed as food especially the stronger breast muscles would be the perfect source of meat. They are relished by the people across the globe. In Europe the Wood pigeon is the game bird and aids in earning a good sum of money. The Rock pigeon which is basically domesticated for meat is now available in various breeds today which enhance its meat value. The Passenger pigeon has become extinct today as it was hunted by the humans for its meat on greater scale. The pigeons also have played a major role during the World War I and the II since the pigeons were decorated with the Dickin Medal for those people who have contributed their lives for the war. Pigeons are also considered sacred in the Bible as they are the symbols of Holy Ghost in the New Testament and were also used as offerings in the olden days of the Bible. They are also used as the symbol of closing assistance of the prophet from the Islam.


Pigeons and doves have benefited human beings since time immemorial. Some species have come on the verge of extinction because of immense shooting. Two species of pigeons including the Dodo and the Passenger pigeons have become extinct now because of mass shooting. About 59 species of pigeons and dove are under the category of endangered species. The Polynesian ground dove is an exceptionally critically endangered species. A variety of schemes are under progress to save these endangered species from extinction.

Is there a reason flamingos pink?

Is there a reason flamingos pink?

Orange Flamingo

With”That’s just the way it is”. Elephants are gray, canaries are yellow, so why should not flamingos be pink? Well, there actually is an excellent reason.

First of all, young flamingos aren’t pink, they are gray (such as an elephant) for about the first few decades of life, and they turn pink. Not all adult flamingos are pink though most are either pink or a shade of red close to pink. Of the five species of flamingo in life, the Caribbean flamingo, is truly a very bright crimson red. Generally speaking, adult flamingos are red, pink, or somewhere in between. That still begs the question however, “Why are Flamingos Pink”.

Genetics would appear to be the obvious answer, but it’s not the best one. There’s the old saying”You are what you eat”, and flamingos are pink because of their diet. If you place a flamingo in captivity, and give it something to eat rather than its usual diet, the bird will so start to lose its coloring, and eventually become more white than pink. The fact that we do not see more white flamingos in zoos is because the zookeepers are careful to provide the flamingos a special flamingo food, containing all the nutrients they would get in their natural habitats.

A flamingo’s diet is high in beta-carotene, the same substance we ingest when we eat carrots. Among other things, flamingos eat crustaceans, particularly shrimp. Their normal habitat is in shallow lakes and wetlands, where fish have a tendency to thrive. When you think of it, somebody who likes carrots and eats several a day can take on a slightly orange color to their complexion. That really happens, and is not unhealthy although it may seem so.

Now when someone asks you “Why are flamingos pink?” , you can truthfully say that it is because they eat shrimp. You can go into some detail with the cartenoid piece if you desire, but for our purposes, just saying shrimp should suffice. Then if you’re pressed, you can cite cartenoids and beta-carotine, as if that’s something everyone should already know!

If the person still doesn’t believe your answer, you can tell them that flamingos also fly and march, two more facts about flamingos that definitely are accurate. We’re so used to seeing flamingos from the zoo only standing on one leg (it is the most comfortable way for them to stand), or as lawn ornaments in the area, we forget that they are quite capable of flight, and actually fly from one place to another in huge flocks. Insofar as marching is concerned, should you find a group (really a colony) of flamingos on the ground, and watch them over a period of time, you’ll eventually see them march. You will know it when you see it.

Coyote facts

Coyote facts

Coyote Leaping Predator Wildlife Nature Ou

In this article on coyote facts I am going to cover as many details as possible for you.

Full grown coyotes weigh from 20 to 50 lbs. They measure from 58 to 64 inches long from the tip of the nose to the tip of their tail.

Coyotes can live to the ripe old age of 14 years. It is also thought that the population of coyotes in North America is at an all time high.

I don’t believe that’s the case here in NW Missouri where I live. I can remember as a teenager hearing and seeing coyotes almost on a daily basis on the farm. I do however believe the population here is growing once more.

A couple of years back I can remember nearly every coyote I called or trapped had mange. I think mange was responsible mainly here for the previous 10 year decrease in population.

Their diet consists of rabbits, fish, frogs, berries and other fruit, deer, snakes, insects, and grass. They’ve even been known to kill lambs, calves, and little pets.

Coyotes have an exception sense of smell. 100 times better than a human. They also have keen eyesight.

Female coyotes give birth to as few as two, and up to a dozen pups in the spring. Both male and female will protect the pups and their land. The pups can hunt by themselves by fall.

Coyotes can run up to 40 mph.

I know this article will be read by many from both sides of the animal rights world. I will tell you right up front that I love coyotes. . .and I hunt coyotes. I don’t expect anyone to agree with hunting coyotes. In my opinion, those that disagree with it only don’t have all the details they need to make an in formed decision. So I will list a fact here that is reason enough for me to hunt them and do my part to keep their population in check.

When coyotes become over populated in an area they start venturing to urban communities. I just finished reading an article yesterday of a coyote attacking 2 little kids in Oregon State. Coyotes fault? No, it’s just instinct to them. However, the fact that coyotes have become so overpopulated in that area that they are being forced to search for new land (which in this instance includes towns) is reason enough to thin the population there in my opinion.

Giant snakes

Giant snakes

The heaviest snake alive is Eunectes murinus, commonly called the anaconda which normally grows to a maximum of approximately 20 ft (6 meters) in length, but sometimes develops as long as 25 feet (7.6 meters), and weighs around 100 pounds (45 kilograms). And, despite extensive searching, and sometimes even cash rewards of $50,000 offered by the Wildlife Conservation Society, no live snake longer than 30 feet (9.1 meters) has been found.

Image result for AnacondaHowever, neither the reticulated python nor the anaconda can hold a candle in comparison to an ancient snake known as Titanoboa cerrejonensis. This giant snake lived in tropical rainforests that covered the area that is today the nation of Columbia. It inhabited this area during the Paleocene epoch, between about 60 million years ago and 58 million years back. In terms of size, Titanoboa is thought to have grown to approximately 43 feet (15 meters) in length, would have had a diameter of more than 1 meter (3 feet), and almost certainly weighed more than one ton.

Titanoboa, like most other big snakes, was non-venomous. On the contrary, it was an ambush predator that could have killed its prey by constriction. Titanoboa would lay motionless in wait until prey approached, and then suddenly and without warning, when the prey came within reach it’d pounce, wrap itself around its victim. Slowly and gradually, it would tighten its body around that of the victim, until the prey eventually suffocated to death.


Information on Manatees

Information on Manatees

What’s a Manatee? They’re dark and wrinkly with hardly any hair. They’ve a narrow tail that moves up and down to help them swim. Their two little flippers in their upper body are used to help them eat and to steer when they swim. There are nails in their flippers to help them dig when looking for food.

They are extremely unique creatures. It is said that manatees were once land dwelling animals and that about 50 million years ago they left land for the sea. They continue to breathe air, but slowly developed their own bodies for life in the water. Manatees are the only sea mammals to eat only vegetables.

Although manatees are very large they are among the gentlest creatures. These beautiful animals are very much compromised. A lot of this is do to boating accidents, but there are quite a few different reasons for their falling numbers which are all mostly because of humans.

Manatee Mammal Underwater Marine Water Sea

Manatees may not be as beautiful as mermaids but the gentle, fun loving mammals are amazing in their own right. Nevertheless he told his friends that these”mermaids” weren’t as beautiful as he’d seen in paintings. What he possibly saw were colonies of manatee.

If you would take the time to get to really know these magnificent animals you could not help but fall in love with them as I have.

There are many different avenues you can take if you would like to help save these magnificent creatures. It is possible to adopt a manatee, contribute to a charity, and help keep our waters clean are among some of them.

Purpose of Fish and Wildlife Service

Purpose of Fish and Wildlife Service

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fisheries program has been in existence for 133 years. The Fisheries program looks at species of it which are at risk of extinction and works to rebuild their inhabitants, as well as to provide education to the general public about these particular species of it.

There are many responsibilities assigned directly to the Fish and Wildlife Management Assistance program of the Fish and Wildlife Service. The management assistance component of the name refers to their preparation and management services, with regard to animal populations. While not directly involved, they participate in the planning end of restoring endangered fish populations. They track the amounts of it at the hatcheries and how long they’ve been there, and they monitor, regulate and prevent the invasion of predator species. When repopulating does happen, the program monitors the repopulation to find out how effective it is. Public education about conservation is their final responsibility.

The National Fish Hatchery program has multi-functional duties. They use hatcheries to breed fish that don’t have any genetic defects and then set them into the wild to repopulate in areas which are depleted. The hatchery workers do research to identify and try to reduce disease that may be affecting it and aquatic wildlife. In addition to all of this, they also offer refuge habitats to it that have become an endangered species, as an attempt to allow them time to breed for the purpose of repopulating.

The Fish and Wildlife Service Fish Hatchery program ensures the survival of game fish by tracking and maintaining their populations. They do this by forcing compliance with limits imposes by both the state and national governments. The purpose in doing so is to make certain that game fish such as the largemouth bass and the smallmouth bass don’t get into a state that could border on endangerment. Fishing is not only a excellent source of both fun and food, but it’s also a major area of the economy in areas where there are large bodies of water or massive rivers. Any upset in the population of a local game fish, may have very negative consequences on the local market.

A dingo ate my baby

A dingo ate my baby

Dingo Wild Animal Beach Australia Fraser I

General Information:

The dingo is a wild dog of Southeast Asia and Australia. It’s usually called the Australian wild dog. They flourished upon introduction, and quickly spread out across Australia, quite possibly with individual assistance. Within a short period of time that the dingo had occupied the entire continent and became a dominant predator, probably contributing to the extinction of marsupial carnivores like the Thylacine. Recently, the dingo is now seen as a pest species, and lots of measures, including a comprehensive fence, have been made to stem its encroachment on human property/welfare. Also, due to its inbreeding with dogs introduced by European settlers, the dingo gene pool is also thought of as increasingly”polluted”.

Physical Description:

The dingo weighs between 22 and 53 pounds approximately, being usually smaller that the wolves of the northern hemisphere. It stands at about 17 – 25 inches at the shoulder, and measures approximately 34 – 48 inches long. Although fur coloring differs slightly, dingoes are usually ginger in color. It has a lean muscular build with erect ears. Although the dingo does not generally occur in packs (more often present in pairs or small family groups), it’s capable of forming larger groups to search.


Dingoes predate on a variety of animals. The majority of its prey species are medium or small in size, such as lizards and rodents. The dingo is opportunistic, and in addition to searching is also known to consume fruits and plants and scavenge from humans.


Modern dingoes are dispersed primarily in tiny pockets of forests in Southeast Asia and in many portions of Australia. In Australia, it occurs mostly in the northwest. The”Great Dingo Fence” was begun in the 1880s, and meant to keep dingoes out of the relatively fertile southeast of Australia and to protect sheep. Although it has managed to stem the dingo from existing in larger amounts, some dingoes can nevertheless be found in the southern portions of the continent now.


Dingoes breed once annually, generally between March and June. Pups are born after about 63 days, and litter sizes range from 4 to 6 offspring. The young may be left on their own after just a month or two, or they may stay with their parents for up to a year before independence. Males reach sexual maturity by age one, and females become capable of communicating at about exactly the same age.

Wild cats in North America

Wild cats in North America

Animal Beast Big Carnivore Cat Dangerous E

The Bobcat, Lynx, Ocelot and the Puma or Cougar are considered native to North America. With more and more of the natural habitat disappearing, wildcats, in addition to many other kinds of wildlife, are coming in closer contact with man. Find out More about the wildcats of North America.

He is also the only species of wild cat that is not currently on the endangered list. The bobcat and the Canadian Lynx are sometimes though of as the same animal. They’re both of the same household but different species. The bobcat is about double the size of the average house cat. They have long legs, large paws and tufted ears. They get their name from the brief, black-tipped tail which appears to be”bobbed” or cut off. The”tufts” of their ears are now used like hearing aids and they have excellent vision. At one time the bobcat’s land was broad spread of the US, however, their number have diminished over the years. Bobcats are nocturnal animals and are rarely seen by humans. The bobcats diet consists of mice, rabbits, squirrels, reptiles and fowl, including the farmer’s cows. They are many times considered as a nuisance and are shot by farmers. Many hunters will also kill a bobcat since they eat the quail, pheasant and chukka that lots of hunters take for sport.

Lynx – The lynx is actually the bobcats”cold weather” cousin. They are actually several species of lynx. The European and Asian lynx are larger that the North American species, the Canada lynx. The Canada lynx are generally found, of course, in Canada and the colder parts of the US. The Canada lynx is about the exact same size as the bobcat, and it has tufted ears also. However, the lynx has more hair than the bobcat especially around the face and feet to keep them warmer in the colder climate. Their toes are used as”snow shoes” and are bigger and have more hair for extra insulation from the cold and snow. The Canada lynx diet consists mainly on snowshoe hares. There’s a correlation between the number of snowshoe hares and the people of lynx. As the amount of snowshoe hares decline, so do the amount of lynx. The larger Eurasian lynx will search for deer as well as smaller animals.

Ocelot – The ocelot is sometimes referred to as the”Painted Leopard”. At one time they could be found throughout the southwestern parts of the usa. However because of their attractively spotted fur, their numbers have been greatly reduced and has placed them on the endangered list. Occasionally you may see the ocelot in Arizona or parts of Texas. They are most commonly found in Mexico and northern parts of South America. They are primarily nocturnal and solitary animals. The ocelot has brief tawny or reddish brown fur with black spots and rosette shaped markings. Their face has two black stripes down each side and their tail has black bands. They can be seen in the trees, stalking birds and monkeys. They also eat small mammals and rodents, frogs, fish and a number of reptiles. Unlike most other cats, they do not obey the water and can swim very well.

Mountain Lion – The mountain lion goes by many names. They are found mainly in the southern and eastern parts of the US, including the swamps of Florida. Mountain lions are beautiful animals with a tawny colored coat with no markings. They weight approximately 120-140 lbs. Mountain lions prefer to prey on deer but may also attack and consume coyotes and other mammals such as raccoons and porcupines. Their range has been eliminated in the Midwest and Eastern US, though there are small populations returning the states such as Oklahoma, Missouri and Arkansas. Mountain lions are known to attack people. However, statistics show that on average there are only 4 attacks and one death each year in all the US and Canada. Mountain lions will be more likely to attack someone who is alone or a little child.

Few people will actually come in contact with one of these wildcats in their natural habitat, but at least now you know a little more about these wonderful creatures.

Opossums are just misunderstood

Opossums are just misunderstood

Possum Opossum Marsupial Animal Wildlife W

While working in a large Animal Shelter, I had contact with thousands of opossums! Thank goodness, a few years ago the County stopped accepting trapped wildlife so, people had to learn how to live peacefully with Opossums.

Many people think that Opossums are aggressive due to their big mouths and 50 sharp teeth! Actually, Opossums are solitary, gentle and placid creatures. Adults are normally very slow moving and will just open their mouth to show their teeth and hiss when frightened. They don’t initiate aggression. They’ll retreat whenever possible.

Opossums are actually very beneficial to our areas. They are omnivores, so that they eat both meat and vegetation. They are essentially scavengers, cleaning up the rotten fruit and debris in our yards, in addition to carrion (dead road kill, etc.) They will eat insects, snails, slugs, worms, berries, nuts, grass, leaves and pet food. They are very adaptable and make due with whatever food and water is available. Pretty much every lawn has Opossums walking around at night. Trust me, they’re not a threat to you or your pets.

Mature Opossums are about the size of an adult cat. Their body is @ 13″ to 20″ long. The tail could be 9″ to 21″ long. They use their thick, prehensile tail to climb and sometimes to carry leaves, etc.. Opossums can live in trees but, the adults can not hang by their tails while they sleep. Opossums will make a den in any dark, quiet place. They do not put much effort into creating a house.

Opossums are North America’s only marsupial mammal (female that has a pouch for carrying her young).

The Opossum’s breeding season is from February to June. They become adults and begin breeding at @ 1 year old. They could have 1 – 2 litters per season, depending upon the climate. The gestation (time from conception to birth) is just 12 – 14 days. The mother has 13 teats and that is the maximum number of infants she can nurse. Usually, 13 babies will not make it into the pouch and of the ones that do, only about 3 to 6 will make it to weaning age. The infants are born undeveloped embryos. They’re only about 1/4″ long and about the size of a Honey Bee. After they are born, they scoot to the mothers pouch where they latch onto a teat. After the babies latch on, the teat swells and elongates and they remain there at all times.

The babies are weaned at 2 to 3 months old and are considered juveniles. They become independent of the mother when they’re 6 – 12 months old and about 7″ to 10″ long. They become mating adults when they’re @ 1 year old. The adult males are bigger than the females.

When Opossums are really frightened, they could go into an involuntary”shock – like” or”fainting state.” They first wake up by wiggling their ears.

When they are unconscious, they normally have an open mouth and appear to be dead.

Opossums just live 2 – 4 years. They have a lot of predators! Between individuals, cars, cats, dogs, owls and larger wildlife, Opossums don’t survive very long.

So, the next time you see one roaming around at night, try to look the other way.

They really are not as bad as they seem.

Courses on Wildlife Management

Courses on Wildlife Management

Careers in wildlife management provide the opportunity to work with various types of animals in various possible manners. Jobs in this specific industry focus mainly on the care of wild animals in captivity and more significantly of those found in their natural habitat. However, the rankings will be dependent on the individual’s level of experience and education.

Park rangers are mainly responsible for tracking wildlife.

The biological technician is mainly responsible for assisting scientists in their study of wildlife. Their work includes the analysis of different life forms and assists in solving problems related to any of them.

As a wildlife environment manager, he or she is responsible for studying and surveying animal populations. People in this position often work with animals that live in their native habitat. The manager’s primary role is to ensure that these creatures can co-exist peacefully with people.

To get ahead in this area and secure sought-after positions, continued education is essential to keep abreast of the most recent trends in the business. Luckily, you need not look further than the world wide web to locate reliable programs wildlife management courses that provide a solid curriculum.

The lessons provide practical and theoretical knowledge which could help you get ahead in the business. The range of lessons includes population dynamics, wildlife law and administration, management techniques, and habitats. The courses can also be taken in conjunction with complimentary study areas like wildlife conservation, conservation and environmental management, nature park management, marine studies, and zoo keeping.

Upon enrolling, the wildlife ecology courses can be accessed online conveniently from anywhere, in your house, the local coffee shop, or even at work, just be sure that you do it during your break. An expert tutor is also available to students to assist with questions or concerns concerning the course lessons.

What are you waiting for?

Sign up for a wildlife management class now to keep ahead of the game!

Red touches yellow you’re a dead fellow

Red touches yellow you’re a dead fellow

Image result for coral snake

There are so many uncommon aspects of a snake, one of which is their feeding demeanor. Most snakes are carnivorous and they consume their prey through swallowing it whole. Snakes do eat any kind of livings thing that could fit into their bodies. Almost all snakes are ophiophagous, which means they chase for killing and they feed on other serpents. Besides being ophiophagous, the diet of coral snakes mainly contains the following:
Little Lizards – They provide a very large food source for all sorts of snakes. And of course that lizards are largely vulnerable and are simple for snakes to catch. Examples of which are geckos and small iguanas.
Amphibians – These are cold-blooded vertebrates residing on land and in water.
Small Birds – These sort of snake does not just eat birds, but also the vulnerable eggs and youngsters of birds. Scheming for birds are quite distressing for snakes, because birds fly while snakes can’t. Every snake that searches for birds has a sensible method on their own. These snakes cling on trees and wait for vulnerable birds to pass by. On the other hand, they eat the helpless birds through their nest. They will silently creep out on the bird’s nest and attack the young birds and eggs which still have not hatched.
Rodents – Rodents are the principal victim of all types of snakes, rats and rodents specifically. Moreover, rodents are the best prey for coral snakes and the majority of the snakes because of it being a mammal. Mammals of distinct types are substantially the victims of all kinds of snakes regardless of its size.
Coral snakes, from time to time, also eat their own. It can be another kind of snake or their egg itself. Usually, these sort of snakes crawls, sits and waits for its prey. They don’t usually move around like other snakes because they don’t want to use the majority of their energy in only looking for their prey and because coral snakes do not always feed that often. Additionally, this is best for them since it will protect them from their predators.They always swallow the head of the prey first, most notably when their prey is larger than them. Most snakes including coral snakes do not always feed on the identical particular kind of prey. Based on their size and the quality of the prey being at hand when needed is 1 reason snakes don’t always eat the same type of prey on their everyday diet.
Snakes can go on without feeding themselves for a lengthy time period. One reason , is that the snakes’ digestion procedure is very much slower than that of some living organisms. And this also depends on the food they ate. When they eat smaller prey, they are inclined to search for more victims for them to consume.

Difference between micro and mega bats

Difference between micro and mega bats

Bats are one of the most fascinating creatures on Earth! Not only are they the only mammal capable of true flight, they are valuable components to our surrounding ecosystem and environment. There are over 100,000 species of bat found all around the world. Although there are thousands of species, every single one can be put under one of two groups; Megachiroptera and Microchiroptera. Keep on reading to learn the difference between mega and microbats, in addition to, a few interesting facts and characteristics for each.


Microbats, or Microchiroptera, can also be known colloquially by many other names; including Echolocating bats, little bats, insectivorous bats, and accurate bats. Echolocation, also referred to as bio sonar, is a sonar-like method used to map a grid out of a bats’ surroundings. Although bats are not blind, like most myths suggest, they require the use of these procedures for finding food and hunting their prey. It operates by emitting little beeps or calls out to the surrounding environment, and listening for the return of echoes bouncing off objects around them. Various animals in the animal kingdom utilize bio sonar; such as dolphins, whales, shrews, and a few cave-bird species.

Microbats are small, some as tiny as 2 g! They have large ears, but very small eyes. They generally eat insects; however, larger species of Microchiroptera actually hunt small prey like frogs, lizards, rodents, as well as fish or birds. Vampire bats are a species of Microbat that drink the blood of their prey. Common species of Microchiroptera include the Spotted Bat, Bumblebee Bat, Inland Forest Bat, Leaf-Nosed Bats, Northern Free-Tailed Bat, Horseshoe Bat, and the Spear-Nosed Bat.


They can weigh up to 4 lbs and have a wingspan of up to 5 or 6 ft! They have very large eyes, and a much wider wingspan. They are generally found in tropical climates, where the weather is moist and warm. Unlike microbats, the Megachiroptera do not use bio sonar to find and search for food. Insteadthey use their keen eyesight and sense of smell to locate their favorites foods; such as pollen, nectar, plants, and ripened fruit. That’s correct; megabats don’t eat insects or small prey like their cousins, the microbats. In fact, megabats are often times referred to as”fruit bats” or”old world fruit bats”.

Flying Dog Bat Fly Vampire Halloween Bats

Their eating habits actually lead to the supply of flower pollens and fruit seeds. This connection is a form of mutualism called chiropterophily, and clarifies how plants and bats help each other. Common species of Megabat contain all Flying Foxes, Hammerhead Bat, Long-Tongued Nectar Bat, Egyptian Fruit Bat, and Tube-Nosed Bats.

Did you know this about raccoons

Did you know this about raccoons

Did you know…

The raccoons’ name is in fact spelled two different ways: racoon and raccoon. It seems that it is dependent upon which side of the pond (A.K.A. the Atlantic Ocean) you’re on. Americans spell the word as raccoon, whereas the United Kingdom spells it racoon.


Raccoons (I am American, no insult to my U.K. buddies out there!) As seen from the above statement, can be seen in Canada, United States, Mexico, Finland, Germany and Russia. In actuality they’re also found in all Europe, having been introduced by the Asians. They may also be located in all the rest of the world, each country/continent boasting its own species and subspecies.

The food chain is broad and varied. Their natural enemies are foxes and bobcats. However, they also have been known to be carried off by bigger prey seekers such as owls and eagles. Sadly, the biggest threat known to raccoons is your car. In turn, raccoons feast on a variety of foods such as berries, acorns and leaves. Did you know that they are omnivorous? They also feast on dragonfly larvae, clams, salamanders, frogs, snakes, grasshoppers, crickets, turtles (and their eggs), bird eggs in addition to nestlings (baby birds) and fish. If you live in the suburbs, you know their buffet also includes garbage out of trash cans! In effect, I think I can safely say they eat whatever they don’t deem as poisonous!

Raccoons can make about 7 different sounds that at times can sound a bit like a dog, and other times more like a kitty! Perhaps those purring cat sounds you hear at night are in fact raccoons instead! This is possible as raccoons tend to be nocturnal.

They have hand-like paws that are good for tearing things apart, much like we could with our fingers-which is why they can partake in a meal of crawfish or crab. But they have their limitations as well. My mom once watched a raccoon reach into a pit to catch his prey. He apparently caught it, but as he tried to pull his fist from the pit, it got stuck. He fought for a while trying to receive his fist out. Alas, he had to let his prey go so as to pull his hand out of the hole!

Raccoons are also sometimes seen as pets. However, as a warning, they are still considered wild animals and are feisty and unpredictable. They are not recommended as pets for anyone with young children. Furthermore, they are illegal in many areas as pets before considering this option, check with the game wardens or pet control section in your town.

Bear safety

Bear safety

When bears hibernate, they lose up to 30 percent of the body weight so in the spring that they wake up very hungry. It’s important for field workers to be aware of bear feeding patterns so they can attempt to avoid getting from a bear and its food.

Free stock photo of nature, animal, bear, hairy

In the spring, bears are mostly looking for roots, shrubs, berries, whereas in the fall, bears are more likely to be found near water searching for salmon to provide them with the calories and fat they need for hibernation.

Bears coming out of hibernation may be more visible and aggressive as they search for food. If they appear early from hibernation or if their typical foods are less available, they will come searching for things like human garbage. It is important that everyone does their part to remove bear attractant and properly dispose of all food waste on work sites or in the bush.

To avoid a bear encounter you want to make plenty of noise when working and be aware of your surroundings. Walk loudly in the bush and talk or sing often. If you are working in an extremely forested area or around creeks, often scan your surroundings.

Should you encounter a bear:

– Back away slowly and gently if the bear doesn’t acknowledge you.
– When the bear sees you, talk calmly and back away slowly – don’t run.
– If the bear moves towards you, make yourself as big as possible, wave your arms or an object, and make a lot of noise.

The ideal preparation to protect yourself from a bear encounter is to check for wildlife action ahead of beginning work in the area by calling local fish and wildlife officials.

– Take a bear/wildlife safety course.
– Have gear like bear spray and bangers which are designed to frighten bears and understand how to properly store and use them.
– Know who to call for support.
– Carry a mobile phone or communication radio is effective in the region.